Medical errors cannot be addressed if they are not recognized and reported.

In one study, 74 percent of nurses surveyed perceived errors "were reported less than 50 percent of the time" (Osborne, Blais, & Hayes, 1999, p. 35).

In another study, nurses perceived that only 60 percent of medication administration errors were reported (Wakefield, Wakefield, Borders, Uden-Holman, Blegen, & Vaughn, 1999).

In both studies, nurses perceived an underreporting of errors.

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